This study historically analyzes the scientific output of Mathematics to describe its structure, notions and scientific origin using the historiographical method. The research data consisted of scientific outputs of Mathematics in ISI database, Science Citation Index (SCI) and Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) during 8 years (1990 to 2007). The data collection tool was the search engine and the analysis part of the WOS and also HistCiteTM software. According to White (2003), the sample of the study was circa one percent of the studied data (i.e. 120 documents) that was analyzed based on two different aspects: Local Citation Score (LCS) and Global Citation Score (GCS).The research results show that with regard to Local Citation Score (LCS), five scientific clusters were formed and all of them were related to different fields of “Mathematics Education”. Based on Global Citation Score (GCS), there were no significant scientific cluster in this field, and this is while the amount of Global Citation Score was significantly more than Local Citation Score. According to the findings it seems that: 1. The major scientific clusters and transitions in Mathematics are mostly related to theoretical fields as this issue has caused a new paradigm in this discipline. 2. The amount of this scientific field’s influence on Applied Mathematics is much more than the non- Applied Mathematics.