Document Type : Articles


1 M. A., Knowledge & Information Science, College of Education & Psychology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Knowledge & Information Science, College of Education & Psychology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran


The aim of the present study is to investigate and compare the role of journals with different access models (including print, database, print/database subscriptions) as well as unsubscribed models in meeting the information needs of Shiraz University researchers. Using a bibliometric method, the communication studies the references used in Shiraz University scientific papers indexed by Thomson Reuter’s citation indexes (i.e. SCI, SSCI and Arts & Humanities CI) in 2010. A vast number of scientific journals are found to be available in Shiraz University, most of them repeatedly provided via different models. Over 90% of the journals receive no citations from Shiraz University researchers. The researchers generally tend to refer to unsubscribed journals as well as subscribed database journals. However, the journals mostly referred to by Shiraz University are found to be covered by database and print/database models. The uncitedness of a wide range of print journals confirms the rationality of the policy of discontinuation of print journals subscription in favor of e-collection development. It seems that the database model performs well not only in meeting the variety of information needs of the researchers, but also in providing the required core resources for the users. The unsubscribed model is revealed useful merely to fulfill the variety of the users' information needs; whereas it plays a minor role in providing the core needs of the researchers. The print model, following the database and the print/database models, is more or less effective in providing the core resources needed by the researchers of Shiraz University. Since a number of the core journals of Shiraz University are available in print model, it is suggested to renovate the subscription to the core print journals, preferably in online format.

  1. Abdollahi, O. (2005). The study of Shahid Chamran faculty members' points of view about the University's journal collections & their replacement with electronic journals. [Persian]. Master thesis, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz.
  2. Ahmadzadeh, S. (2007).The study of English journals usage at the Art Library & the identification of its core journals. Journal of Information Sciences & Technology [Persian], 22(4), 19-35.
  3. Bigdeli, Z., Mansoori, A., & Pashootanizadeh, M. (2004). The study of Law & Political Sciences students' attitudes at Shiraz University about the need to create a Persian e-articles database. Science Iranian Journal of Information Processing & Management [Persian], 22 (3), 33-54.
  4. Björk, BC., Roos, A. & Lauri, M. (2008). Global annual volume of peer reviewed scholarly articles and the share available via different Open Access options. Proceedings of the ELPUB2008 Conference on Electronic Publishing, Toronto, Canada, June 2008.
  5. Björk, BC., Welling, P. Laakso, M., Majlender, P., Hedlund, T. & Guðnason, G. (2010). Open Access to the Scientific Journal Literature: Situation 2009. PLoS One: 5(6): e11273. Retrieved 30 June 2012 from pone.0011273
  6. Bracke, M., & Martin, J. (2005). Developing criteria for the withdrawal of print content available online. Collection Building, 24(2), 61-64.
  7. Chang, S.S. & Dole, W.V. (1996). Survey and analysis of demand for journals at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. Library Acquisitions: Practice and Theory, 20 (1): 23-38.
  8. Cheraghi, Z. (2002). The study of English periodicals collections overlaps: the case of references used in Master Theses at the Education & Psychology School of Alzahra University [Persian], Master thesis, Tehran University, Tehran.
  9. Fahim Nia, F.; & Jafari, F. (2007). The use of home- library journals in the scientific papers of the academic staff of Humanities Faculty of Tehran & Shiraz University during1998-2007. Research on Information Science & Public Libraries [Persian], 15(3), 39-59.
  10. Faraj-Pahlu, A.H., & Moradi Moqaddam, H. (2005). The attitudes of Shahid Chamran's faculty members about the compliance of their in-house library resources & services to their information needs, Psychology & Educational science [Persian], 4, 71-100.
  11. Islami, A. (2007). Internet and Electronic Recourses Searching Behavior among Geography PhD Students of Tehran University: An Exploratory Analysis. Journal of Academic Librarianship and Information research, 40 (46), 133-154.
  12. Johnson, B. (2000). Environmental Impact: A preliminary of Local to Collection Development in an Academic Library. Library Philosophy and Practice, 2(2), retrieved from
  13. Kalian, S. (2002). Non-Renewal of Print Journal Subscriptions that Duplicate Titles in Selected Electronic Databases: A Case Study. Library Collections, Acquisitions, & Technical Services. 26: 409-421.
  14. Karimpur, M. (2011). The accordance of Shiraz University journal collections with its faculty members’ information needs: a citation analysis of the University's scientific outputs in Thomson Reuters during 2005-2009. Master thesis [Persian], Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz.
  15. Kumar, K. (1999). Research Methods in Library and Information Science. India: Har-Anand Publications.
  16. Liaqat, M.(1989). The selection and provision of library materials at Shiraz University Libraries. Master thesis [Persian], Shiraz University, Shiraz.
  17. Madison, O. M. (1999). From journal cancellation to library strategic visioning: Faculty leadership. Journal of Library Administration, 28 (4), 57–70.
  18. Mark Ware Consulting (2006). Scientific publishing in transition: an overview of current developments. Retrieved 30 June 2012 from http://www.stm-assoc. org/2006_09_01_Scientific_Publishing_in_Transition_White_Paper.pdf.
  19. Mayer, S. (2006). Search engines increase online journal use more than open access. British Medical Journal. Vol. 332:7554.
  20. Mehrbani Joveini, S.; Hasoomi, T.; Kouchaki, A. (2009). The examination of Nanotechnology Researchers' information needs and information seeking behaviors. Journal of Modern Thoughts in Education [Persian], 4(3(15)), 117-132.
  21. Mehrad, J.; & Hamdi-pour, A. (2001). The study of Core Journals of Science Faculty of Shiraz University based on Bradford's law (1995-2000). Library and Information Science [Persian], 16 (3 & 4), 13-24.
  22. Najafi, T. (2002). The citation analysis of Ferdowsi University's scholarly papers indexed in ISI. Master thesis [Persian], Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad.
  23. Ovens, C.S.H.(1995). Citations pattern of the University of the Orange Free State scientists. South African journal of the library and information science, 63: 47-54.
  24. Prabha, Ch. (2007). Shifting from print to Electronic Journals in ARL University Libraries. Serials Review. 33:4-13.
  25. Ranjbar, J. (2002). The identification of English core journals of Literature & Humanities and Psychology & Education Faculties of Shiraz University based on Bradford's Law. Master thesis [Persian], Shiraz University, Shiraz.
  26. Richards, D.T., & Prelec, A. (1993).Serials cancellation projects: Necessary evil or collection assessment opportunity? Journal of Library Administration, 17 (2), 31–45.
  27. Rogers, S.A. (2001). Electronic journals usage at Ohio State University. College & Research Libraries, 62 (1): 25-34.
  28. Smith, D.A. (2009). A journal back file overlaps analysis: looking back to move forward. Library Collections, Acquisitions, & Technical services. 33:25-30.
  29. Soleymani, H.(1997). Non-Persian journals usage and overlaps in Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services libraries in 1994-1995. Master thesis, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran.
  30. Sullenger, P. (2011). A Serials Format Inventory Project: How Far Can Academic Libraries Go with Electronic Only? Serials Review. 37: 174-180.
  31. Swigger, K.; & Wilkes. A. (1991). Use of citation data to evaluation serials subscriptions in an academic library. Serials Review, 17(2): 41-52.
  32. Tenopir, C.; King, D. W.; & Bush, A. (2004). Medical faculty's use of print and electronic journals: changes over time and in comparison with scientists. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 92 (2): 233-241.
  33. Vaughan, K.T.L. (2003). Changing use patterns of journals in the digital age: impacts of electronic equivalents on the print chemistry journals..Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 54 (12): 1149-1152.
  34. Wellcome, Trust. (2003). Economic analysis of scientific research publishing A report commissioned by the Wellcome Trust. Retrieved 30 June 2012
  35. Zambare, A., et al. (2009). Assuring Access: One Library’s Journey from Print to Electronic Only Subscriptions. Serials Review, 35:70-74.
  36. Zandian, F.; & Riahi Nia, N. (2007). Citation analysis of print and electronic articles in LIS Master Theses of Tehran University during 2001-2006. Studies in Education and Psychology [Persian], 31, 167-182.