Document Type : Articles
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Knowledge and Information Science University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Knowledge and Information Science, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Knowledge and Information Science Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
To meet their informationa needs, people use different tools and technologies which are called the individuals’ information grounds. However, the literature on information grounds is limited to the United States; and there is no research comparing the information grounds of students in Iran so far. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to analyze the information grounds of students in Payame Noor University of Kermanshah. The total population of full-time students in Kermanshah Payame Noor University at the time of this study was about 6000. Using stratified random sampling technique, 361 students were selected to participate in this survey. A questionnaire survey was used to carry out the study. Findings revealed that the most common information grounds used were as follows: house of friends and relatives, university campus, and bus service. Also, the main reasons for using these information grounds are: presence of expert individuals, relaxed grounds, ease of communication with people in the ground, and enhancing the scope of personal knowledge and experience by exchanging information in that ground. The results indicated that there was a significant correlation between the socioeconomic status of students and type of information grounds. Moreover, it was found that there was a significant difference in male and female students’ views regarding the reasons for using such grounds.
- Bahrami, N. (2012). Identification and analysis of information grounds of M.A. students in Razi University. Dissertation. Islamic Azad University, Hamedan Branch, Iran.
- Bigdeli, Z., Khojasteh Mehr, R., & Sharify, S. (2009). Identification and analysis of dimensions of the SCD staff information grounds and their relationship with their socioeconomic status. Studies in Library & Information Science, 16(1), 29-41.
- Counts, S., & Fisher, K. (2008). Mobile Social Networking as Information Ground. Proceedings of the 41st Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences.
- Fisher, K. Landry, C. F. & Naumer, C. (2006). Social spaces, casual interaction, and meaningful exchange: Information ground characteristics based on the college student experience. Information Research, 12(2), paper 291. Available at: http://informationr.net/ ir/12-2/paper291.html (accessed 10th Sep. 2013).
- Fisher, K. Marcoux, E., Miller, L. S., Sanchez, A. & Cunningham, E. R. (2004). Information behavior of migrant Hispanic farm workers and their families in the Pacific Northwest. Information Research, 10(1), paper 199. Available at: http://InformationR.net/ir/10-1/paper199.html (accessed 10th Sep. 2013).
- Fisher, K. & Naumer, C. M. (2005). Information grounds: Theoretical basis and empirical findings on information flow in social settings. In: Amanda Spink and Charles Cole (Eds.). New Directions in Human Information Behaviour. Amesterdam: Kluwer. Available at: http://ibec.ischool.washington.edu/static/pubs/2006_spinkcole_chapter6.pdf (accessed 10th Sep. 2013).
- Fisher, K., Naumer, C., Durrance, J., Stromski, L. & Christiansen, T. (2005). Something old, something new: Preliminary findings from an exploratory study about people’s information habits and information grounds. Information Research, 10(2), paper 223 Available at: http://informationr.net/ir/10-2/paper223.html (accessed 18th Sep. 2013).
- Fisher, K. E., Saxton, M. L., Edwards, P. M., Mai, J. E., Buschman, J. & Leckie, G. J. (2007). Seattle Public Library as place: Reconceptualizing space, community, and information at the central library. In: John E. Buschman and Gloria J. Leckie (Eds.). The Library as place. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited. Available at: http://jenserikmai .info/Papers/2007_SPLasPlace.pdf (accessed 18th Sep. 2013).
- Granovetter, M. S. (1983). The strength of weak ties: A network theory revisited. Sociological Theory, 1, 201-233. Available at: http://www.soc.ucsb.edu/faculty/friedkin/Syllabi/ Soc148/Granovetter%201983.pdf (accessed 10th Sep. 2013).
- http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/counts/pubs/slamig_hicss_final2.pdf (accessed 10th Sep. 2013).
- Pettigrew, K. E. (1999). Waiting for chiropody: Contextual results from an ethnographic study of the information behavior among attendees at community clinics. Information Processing and Management, 35(6), 801-817.
- Sharifi, S. (2007). Identification and analysis of information grounds of staff in Shahid Chamran University. Dissertation. Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran.
- Sheibani, B., Jamali, H. & Asnafi, A. (2011). Information grounds and information literacy: a case study of M. A. students in Tabriz University. Iranian Journal of Academic Librarianship, 46(1), 27-48.