Document Type : Articles
Ph.D., Assistant Prof., Neuroscience Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman
Ph.D., Assistant prof., Department of Knowledge and Information Science, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman
Associate Prof., Department of Knowledge and Information Science, Payame Noor University, Iran
Ph.D., Visiting professor, Department of Information Management, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran
The purpose of this research was to propose a model of knowledge utilization in Social Sciences based on the analysis of the views of Iranian academics. This research was conducted based on a qualitative approach using grounded theory. The structured interview method was used to obtain the views of the experts. The research population consisted of academic members of Social Sciences in Iranian universities. Due to extensive statistical population, the sequential theoretical sampling was employed to select 25 academics having the highest number of both publications and citations (h-index) as the interviewees. So as to ensure the validity and reliability of this research, the evaluative criteria proposed by Lincoln and Guba were adopted. Moreover, to analyze the collected data and reach a theory, Theoretical Coding was applied. After coding, classifying and analyzing data, the research findings led to a model derived from the ideas of Social Sciences experts in four areas as Knowledge Production, Knowledge Transfer, Knowledge Sharing, and Knowledge Utilization. According to the results achieved from analyzing the ideas of Social Sciences experts, knowledge utilization was determined as the central core of the model.https://dorl.net/dor/20.1001.1.20088302.2021.19.2.8.6
- Bahji, A., Hawken, E. R., Cabrera, C., & Vazquez, G. (2019). Is Stigma Preventing Knowledge Translation and Utilization of Electroconvulsive Therapy for Depression? Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 140(1), 85-87.
- Basaza, R., Kinegyere, A., Mutatina, B., & Sewankambo, N. (2018). National Framework for the Sustainability of Health Knowledge Utilization Initiatives in Uganda. International journal of technology assessment in health care, 34(1), 120-128.
- Bernard, H. R., 2017. Research methods in anthropology: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Rowman & Littlefield.
- Bottorff, J. L., 2015. Knowledge Translation: Where Are the Qualitative Health Researchers? Qualitative Health Research, 25(11), pp. 1461-1462.
- Brayer, S., Closs, J., Baum, G., Cooke, J., Griffiths, J., Hostick, T.… Thompson, D., 2003. The Yorkshire BARRIERS Project: Diagnostic Analysis of Barriers to Research Utilization. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 40, pp. 73-84.
- Brink, V. & Van Belle, J. P., 2009. An Exploration of Personal Factors Influencing Disposition Towards Knowledge Sharing in a South African Context. Available at: http://www. commerce.uct.ac.za/informationsystems/staff/personalpages/jvbelle/pubs/Personal%20Factors%20Influencing%20Knowledge%20Sharing%20in%20SA.doc. (Jan 02, 2020)
- Brook, A. H., Liversidge, H. M., D Wilson, Z. J., Harvey, G., Marshall, R., & Kitson, A. (2016). Health Research, Teaching and Provision of Care: Applying a New Approach Based on Complex Systems and a Knowledge Translation Complexity Network Model. International Journal of Design & Nature and Ecodynamics, 11 (4), pp. 663-669.
- Clark, H.L., Gambell, S., Mucha, F., MacLean, R., Rankin, M., & Rowan, R. (2019). Global History Hackathon Playbook Version 1.1: Practical Guidance for Hosting a Hackathon for the Arts, Humanities and social science, and Social Sciences. Available at: https://eprints.gla.ac.uk/196472/. (Jan 02, 2020)
- Collie, A., Zardo, P., McKenzie, D. M., & Ellis, N. (2016). Academic perspectives and experiences of knowledge translation: a qualitative study of public health researchers. Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 12(2), 163-182.
- Corbin, J., & Strauss, A. (2008). Basics of qualitative research (3rd ed.): Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
- Colley, R. C., Brownrigg, M., & Tremblay, M. S. (2012). A model of knowledge translation in health: the Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card on physical activity for children and youth. Health promotion practice, 13(3), 320-330.
- Curran, J. A. (2009). Development of a Knowledge Exchange and Utilization Model for Emergency Practice. Doctoral Dissertation, department of Interdisciplinary PhD Program. Dalhousie University. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Dalhousie University. Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/10222/12314. (Jan 02, 2020).
- Dagenais, C., Pinard, R., St-Pierre, M., Briand-Lamarche, M., Cantave, A. K., & Peladeau, N. (2015). Using Concept Mapping to Identify Conditions that Foster Knowledge Utilization from the Perspective of School Practitioners. Research Evaluation, 25(1), 70-78.
- Dakhesh, S., Ostovar, A., Yazdizadeh, B., & Hamidi, A. (2018). Knowledge Utilization Process Among Academic Researchers: A Case Study of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. Libri, 68(3), 259-268.
- Donovan, C., & Gulbrandsen, M. (2018). Introduction: Measuring the Impact of Arts and Humanities Research in Europe. Research Evaluation, 27(4), 285-286.
- Greenberg, C., McClellan, K., & Avard, D. (2012). Beyond Dissemination: A Knowledge Utilization Model to Drive Change in Pediatric Genetics. Journal of Pediatric Genetics, 1(1), 7-11.
- Harvey, G., Marshall, R. J., Jordan, Z., & Kitson, A. L. (2015). Exploring the Hidden Barriers in Knowledge Utilization: a Case Study within an Academic Community. Qualitative Health Research, 25(11), 1506-1517.
- Househ, M. S. (2008). A Case Study in Knowledge Translation: Developing a Conceptual Framework to Evaluate the Role of Information and Communication Technology on Linkage and Exchange Processes in Distant Drug Policy Group. Doctoral Dissertation, School of Health Information Science, University of Victoria. Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/1828/1358. (Jan 02, 2020).
- Jain, K. K., Sandhu, M. S., & Sidhu, G. K. (2007). Knowledge Sharing among Academic Staff: A Case Study of Business Schools in klang valley. Malaysia. Journal for the Advancement of Science & Arts, 2, 23-29.
- Jones, S. L., Procter, R., & Younie, S. (2015). Participatory Knowledge Mobilization: an Emerging Model for International Translational Tesearch in Education. Journal of Education for Teaching, 41(5), 555-573.
- Kitson, A., Brook, A., Harvey, G., Jordan, Z., Marshall, R., O’Shea, R., & Wilson, D. (2018). Using Complexity and Network Concepts to Inform Healthcare Knowledge Utilization. International Journal of Health Policy and Management, 7(3), 231.
- König, T. (2016). Peer Review in the Social Sciences and Humanities at the European Level: The Experiences of the European Research Council. In Research Assessment in the Humanities (151-163).
- Lane, J. P. (2012). The Need to Knowledge Model: An Operational Framework for Knowledge Utilization and Technology Transfer. Technology and Disability, 24(3), 187-192.
- Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications
- Livingston, P., Evans, F., Nsereko, E., Nyirigira, G., Ruhato, P., Sargeant, J., & Enright, A. (2014). Safer Obstetric Anesthesia Through Education and Mentorship: a Model for Knowledge Utilization in Rwanda’, Canadian Journal of Anesthesia, 61(11), 1028-1039.
- Liyanage, C., Elhag, T., Ballal, T., & Li, Q. (2009). Knowledge Communication and Translation–a Knowledge Transfer Model. Journal of Knowledge Management, 13(3), 118-131.
- Moyson, S. (2019). Knowledge and Non-Knowledge in the Liberalization of Belgian Network Industries: The Role of Information, Egocentrism and Self-Esteem in Policy Learning. In International Conference on Public Policy (ICPP).
- Meho, L. I. (2006). E-mail Interviewing in Qualitative Research a Methodological Discussion. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 57, 1284-1295.
- Nilsen, P. (2015). Making Sense of Implementation Theories, Models and Frameworks. Implementation Science, 10(1), 53.
- Simeone, L., Secundo, G., & Schiuma, G. v. Knowledge Utilization Mechanisms in Open Innovation: the Role of Design in R&D Projects. Journal of Knowledge Management, 21(6), 1406-1429.
- Schaillee, H., Spaaij, R., Jeanes, R., & Theeboom, M. (2019). Knowledge Translation Practices, Enablers, and Constraints: Bridging the Research–Practice Divide in Sport Management. Journal of Sport Management, (00), 1-13.
- Shujahat, M., Sousa, M. J., Hussain, S., Nawaz, F., Wang, M., & Umer, M. (2019). Translating the Impact of Knowledge Management Processes into Knowledge-Based Innovation: The Neglected and Mediating Role of Knowledge-Worker Productivity. Journal of Business Research, 94, 442-450.
- Spyridonidis, D., Hendy, J., & Barlow, J. (2015). Leadership for Knowledge Utilization: the Case of CLAHRCs. Qualitative Health Research, 25(11), 1492-1505.
- Strifler, L., Cardoso, R., McGowan, J., Cogo, E., Nincic, V., Khan, P. A., & Treister, V. (2018). Scoping Review Identifies Significant Number of Knowledge Utilization Theories, Models, and Frameworks With Limited Use. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 100(8), 92-102.
- Tajedini, O., Azami, M., & Sadatmoosavi, A. (2018). The Investigation of Utilization of Research Findings in Humanities: the Effects of Individual Characteristics of Faculty Members on their Viewpoints. Library Philosophy and Practice, 18(2), 17-38.
- Tajedini, O., Azami, M., & Sadatmoosavi, A. (2017a). Is it Possible in Human Sciences to Transform Knowledge to Product? A mixed Study. Journal of Library and Information Science Studies, 23(18), 67-94. doi: 10.22055/slis.2017.14632.1117
- Tajeddini, O., Azami, M., Sadat Mousavi, A. (2017b). An Experimental Model of Transforming Ideas into Effect in humanities Iran. National Studies on Librarianship and Information Organization, 27(4), 83-104.
- Tan, X., Altrock, U., Schoon, S., & Zhao, J. (2019). Localized Place-Making and the Knowledge-Based Regeneration Strategies–The Case of Xiasha Village in Shenzhen. Habitat International, 83, 73-84.
- Tanna, G.V, Sood, M. M., Schiff, J., Schwartz, D., & Naimark, D. M. (2011). DO E-Mail Alerts of New Research Increase Knowledge Translation? A Nephrology Now. Academic Medicine, 86(1), 132-138.