Informational Citing Conformity: A Motivation for Citation to Multi-Author Articles

saeideh Ebrahimy, Farideh Osareh


It has seen in many studies that there is a significant relation between the number of authors in an article and its amount of perceived citations. In other words, the more the number of the authors, the more the possibility of perceiving citations. The present study thus is going to explain a kind of behavior, which is based on Citing Conformity factor. The research has been done in two parts: 1. Survey Method 2. Citation analysis method. The findings obtained from regression analysis test suggest that according to Informational Citing Conformity factor, 26% of changes in this type of behavior are predictable. It means, having a motivation for healthy thoughts and honesty and also selecting more credible source of information, the authors resort to cite the articles which were written by more authors. The results also indicated that Normative Citing Conformity is not a suitable predictor for this kind of motivation. The relationship between Citing Conformity Factors (Normative, Informational) and the motivation to cite multi author articles has been analyzed in this research for the first time.

Full Text:



Aronson, E. (2008). Social Psychology. Translated by Hossein Shokrkon. Tehran: Roshd.

Ebrahimy, S, Osareh, F.(2014). Design, Validation, and Reliability Determination a Citing Conformity Instrument at three levels: Normative, Informational, and Identification, Scientometrics, vol99,N2,581-597.

Ebrahimy, S, Osareh, F.(2015). Citation to Target Journal: A Motivation Based on Normative Citing Conformity. International Journal of Information Science & Management. Vol 13, No 2.

Ebrahimy, S. (2012). Investigating the Relationship between Citing Conformity at Three Levels of Normative, Informational and Identificational with Citing Behavior Models of Iran’s Humanities and Social Sciences Authors. PHD Thesis of Knowledge & Information Science . Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran.

Osareh, F. & Wilson, K. S. (2005). Iranians’ Scientific Publications: Cooperation, Growth and Development. Translated by Atousa Kouchak. Library Study & Information Organization [in Persian], vol16,N2, 131-144.

Osareh, F.; Nowrouzi Ch, A.R.; Keshvari, M. (2010). Co-authorship of Iranian Researchers in Science, Social Science, Art and Humanities Citing Indexes in Web of Science databases During 2000 to 2006. Quarterly Journal of Science and Information Technology [in Persian], Vol25,N4, 573-595.

Houman, H. A. (2005). Analyzing Multi-variable Data in Behavioral Research [in Persian]. Tehran: Peyk-e Farhang.

Beaver, D. B. (2004). Does collaborative research have greater epistemic authority?. Scientometrics, N60, 399-408.

Brid, J. E. ( 1997). Authorship patterns in marine mammal science, 1985–1993, scientometrics, Vol39,N1,99-105.

Cinnirella, M., Green, B. (2007). Does ciber-conformity vary cross-culturally? Exploring the effect of culture and communication medium on social conformity. Computers in Human Behavior, N23, 2011-2025.

Cano, V. (1989). Citation behavior: classification, utility, and location. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, N40, 284-290.

Gilbert, G. N. (1977). Referencing as persuation. Social Studies of Science,N7, 113-122.

Glanzel, W. & Thijs, B. ( 2004). Does co-authorship inflate the share of self-citations?, Scientometrics, Vol61,N3,395-404.

Haslam, N. et al. (2008). What makes an article influential? Predicting impact in social and personality psychology. Scientometrics, Vol76 ,N1, 169-185.

Inhaber, H., Alvo, M. (1978).World science as an input-output system. Scientometrics,Vol1 ,N1, 48-51.

Iribarren-Maestro, I. , Lascurain-Sanches , M.L., & Sanz-casado, E. ( 2009). Are multi-authorship and visibility related? Study of ten research areas at Carlos III University of Madrid, Scientometrics, Vol79,N1,191-200.

Kim, K. (2004). The motivation for citing specific references by social scientists in Korea: The phenomenon of co-existing references. Scientometrics, Vol59,No 1, 79-93.

King, C. (2012), Multiauthor Papers: Onward and Upward, Available on:

Moed, H. F., Garfield, E. (2004). In basic science the percentage of authoritative references decreases as bibliographies become shorter. Scientometrics, Vol60, 295-303.

Simon, G. ( 2012). Sample Size Matters, What type of cook (researcher) are you? Excerpted from: Dissertation and Scholarly Research: Recipes for Success, 2012 Edition, available on:

Smart , J.C., Bayer, A.E. (1986). Author collaboration and impact: Citation rates of single and multiple authored articles. Scientometrics, Vol10, No5, 297-305.

Tabachnick, B. G., Fidell, L. S. (2001). Using Multivariate Statistics (4th Ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Vinkler, P. (1987). A quasi-quantitative citation model. Scientometrics,Vol 12, 47- 72.

Walters, G. D. (2006). Predicting subsequent citations to articles published to twelve crime psychology journals. Scientometrics,Vol 69, No3, 499-510.

Wang, J., Lin, J. (2003). Are personalization systems realy personal?- Effects of conformity in reducing information overload, hicss, vol 7, p 222, 36th Annual Hawaii International Conference On System Sciences. Retrieved Jun 24, 2010, from,1109/HICSS.2003,1174587

Whitworth, B.,Gallupe, B., McQueen, R. (2000). A Cognitive Three-Process Model of Computer-Mediated Group Interaction, Group Decision and Negotiation,Vol 9,No 5, 431.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

E-ISSN: 2008-8310

   ISSN: 2008-8302